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18-01-2011, 09:15 PM
wise_55 wise_55
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( Forced Draft Fan )


Boiler AIR AND FLUE GAS SYSTEM
"We talked before about HITACHI Boiler Overview (Steam Generator), we mentioned the characteristics of the boiler, Parameters of operating Steam and water.

At this article we will make a focus on air and flue gas system at boiler."
-The boiler air and flue gas system consists of combustion air system, gas recirculation system and flue gas system.


1) Combustion air system
-The combustion air system consists of two forced draft fans, two steam coil air heaters and two air heaters. Two 60% capacity centrifugal forced draft fans are provided to supply the combustion air to the windbox and after air port with adequate flow rate and pressure for combustion. The forced draft fan draws air from the atmosphere through the inlet silencer, and discharges air to the steam coil air heater, the air heater and the windbox. Modulating inlet vane of the centrifugal forced draft fan controls the combustion air flowing to the boiler wind box and after air port. Air heater inlet air damper creates the suitable backpressure for seal air supply through the forced draft fan outlet connecting air duct.
-Combustion air flow is measured by flow element located at the outlet of air heater. Two 50% capacity, bi-sector, vertical shaft regenerative type air heaters are provided to heat combustion air using flue gas from the economizer. To achieve in-furnace NOx reduction, two-stage combustion system using the after air port dampers is applied. Part of the combustion air is supplied to the after air ports for two-stage combustion. The after air port damper (4 dampers) control shall be modulated to maintain the optimum two-stage combustion at each load.





2) Gas Recirculation system
-The gas recirculation system consists of two gas recirculation fans. Two 60% capacity centrifugal gas recirculation fans are provided to supply gas recirculation flow to the furnace for reheat steam temperature control. The gas recirculation fan draws flue gas from the economizer outlet flue gas duct and discharge gas to the furnace. Modulating inlet damper controls gas recirculation flow rate. The gas recirculation flow set point is derived from the reheat steam temperature control.




3) Flue Gas system
-The flue gas system consists of two air heaters. The combustion gas transfers its own heat to the water wall, the superheaters, the reheater and the economizer, then leaves the boiler to the flue gas ducts. The flue gas goes to the stack through the AH and is exhausted to the atmosphere.






*** Steam Coil Air Heater
-Two 50% capacity steam coil air heaters are installed in the combustion air duct upstream of the air heaters to heat combustion air before air flows into the air heaters. The steam coil air heater raises the air heater cold end temperature to predetermined set point over the entire load range when fuel (Mazout) oil is burnt. The steam coil air heater is a finned, steel tube heat exchanger. Steam Used for heating flows through the tube side, Combustion air is heated as it flows across the outside of the finned tubes.
-Steam coil air heaters are installed vertically at the air heater inlet duct. The steam coil air heater casing and coil section covers the full dimension of the duct. Heating steam is supplied for the steam coil air heater system from auxiliary steam system.




This description is about HITACHI Steam Generator


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  post #2  
18-01-2011, 09:19 PM
wise_55 wise_55
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Medium pressure centrifugal fans
Fans are considered of medium pressure when static pressure increment they give is enclosed between 200 and 800 mm.W.G.
The fans in this series move fluid flows which can fluctuate within ample margins.
Wheels in this group have blades of intermediate width, and the ratio of the air inlet diameter to the impeller diameter oscillates between 0,35 and 0,65.
The shape of the impellers in this group depends upon the nature of the fluids they handle: Backward curved blades, radial blades with or without closing side plate, flat backward inclined blades or airfoil blades are used.


Medium pressure impellers built by GRUBER HERMANOS can exceed

4 m in diameter. Those in the photographs have backward curved blades and are designed to operate with efficiency of around 88%.







Main fields of application
:

  • Boiler for shipping and other industries.
  • Cement plants: Oven draft fan, Mill draft fan, clinker cooler draft fan, etc.
  • Cellulose factories: Draft fan for all kind of boilers.
  • Thermal power stations: Induced draft fans, forced draft fan, gas recirculation fan.
  • Sintering and pelletezing incinerators and scrubber exhaust.
  • Chemical and Petrochemical industries.
  • Glass industry.
  • Gas transport.
  • Industrial depuration.
  • Waste incineration.



Battery of fans erected in an incineration plant in Portugal.

Developed static pressure is 580 mm. W.G. Each fan moves 87 m3/sec and is driven by a 700 Kw. at 1000 r.p.m. electric motor.



Bilateral fan built for a methanol plant in Trinidad and Tobago



Volume flow is 97 m3/sec.
Static pressure increment is 590 mm. W.G. and is driven by a 800 Kw at 1200 r.p.m. electric motor.
Efficiency of this series is 88%
  post #3  
18-01-2011, 09:25 PM
wise_55 wise_55
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  post #4  
18-03-2011, 06:53 PM
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